Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases and potentially deadly disease in mammals and birds such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans. It’s spread by airborne droplets of fluids produced by infected individuals
Spread, Signs and Prevention


  • Fever
  • Severe Cough
  • Difficult breathing
  • Diarrhea
  • Pneumonia
  • Kidney failure

How to Prevent Coronavirus Spread

  1. Mass sensitization or education to the public in order to minimize transmission
  2. Hand sanitization/hygiene – clean hands with soap and water or alcohol based hand rub.
  3. Regularly clean surfaces with disinfectants.
  4. Reconsider travel to affected countries and places
  5. Seek help early when you have cough and breathing difficulties.
  6. Wear mask properly around others.
  7. Avoid close contact with people who have flu-like symptoms.
  8. Cover your nose and mouth with tissue or cough and sneeze into your flexed elbow.
  9. Avoid handshaking hugging and kissing with people who have flu-like symptoms.
  10. Stay home and avoid travelling when you have flu-like symptoms.
  11. Report fever, cough and shortness of breath to the nearest health facility.

Does the coronavirus spread person-to-person?

Yes. Close contact with an infected patient in a household, workplace, or health care center increases risk of transmission most likely through droplets of saliva or mucus carried in the air for up to six feet or so when an infected person coughs or sneezes or through viral particles transferred when shaking hands or sharing a drink with someone who has the virus. You are encouraged to limit contact with people who are sick especially with flu-like symptoms.

Can humans get infected with COVID-19 from animals?

Yes. Humans can get infected with COVID-19 from animals. Contact with infected domestic and wild animals, increases your risk of infection. People are encouraged to limit direct contact with sick wild and domestic animals. Thoroughly cook animal products (including meat, eggs and other animal products).

What is the incubation period for the Coronavirus?

An incubation period is the time between catching an illness and showing symptoms of the illness. Current estimates suggest that symptoms of COVID-19 usually appear within around five days or less in most cases, but the range could be between one and 14 days.

Is there a cure for COVID-19?

There is no specific cure for COVID 19. However, many of the symptoms can be treated and therefore treatment is given based on the patient’s clinical condition. Moreover, supportive care for infected persons can be highly effective.

Should I wear a face mask to protect against coronavirus?

It is now strongly recommended to wear a face mask as you go out in public places such as schools, shopping malls, restaurants and churches. Masks may help contain droplets containing any type of virus, including the flu, and protect close contacts (anyone within three to six feet of the infected person).

Face Mask

Is there a vaccine available for coronavirus?

No vaccine is available, although scientists are racing on developing vaccines and a number are under trial. In 2003, scientists tried to develop a vaccine to prevent SARS but the epidemic ended before the vaccine could enter clinical trials.

Can people who recover from the coronavirus still be carriers and therefore spread it?

No. However, people who get COVID-19 need to work with providers and public health authorities to determine when they are no longer contagious.

Can people who recover from the coronavirus still get re-infected?

Yes, current evidence suggests that people who get COVID-19 and recover, can still get re-infected within a few months of recovery.

What COVID products do you have at Sylkay Pharmacy?

We stock a variety of alcohol based sanitizers and wipes, surgical and N95 masks and protective equipment (PPEs), Non-contact infra-red thermometer and Immune boosters and supplements to combat the pandemic.

Reliable resources

Compiled by; Pharmacist Saini Kennedy L. (Community Pharmacist)

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